Cancer is a complex set of diseases. Each cancer is unique in the way it grows and develops, its chances of spreading, the way it affects one’s body and the symptoms one may experience. Several factors, including location and how the cancerous cells appear under the microscope, determine how cancer is diagnosed.
One of the most dreaded diseases, Cancer is characterized by uncontrolled division of cells in the body. This uncontrolled growth of cells in the body may initially lead to benign tumor but if not controlled may carry a risk of turning malignant or cancer at a later stage. Cancer can affect anyone at any age and according to the WHO the disease has a high probability rate. According to WHO one out of three women and one out of four men are likely to get cancer in their lifetime. With such high-risk rate, cancer treatment is available the worldwide. Besides, with hospitals like Apollo providing state of the art medical facilities, cancer treatment of India has become popular worldwide. India Profile offers to give you online information on cancer treatment in India.
It is a common myth that cancer is not curable and ultimately leads to death of a person. Against this common myth, only few people are aware of the fact that cancer is curable in most of the cases and if detected early, patient can lead a normal life. The use of modern technology and latest research has brought the cure rate of cancer to almost 70-80%.
Causes of Cancer
Though there is no fixed cause of cancer, likelihood of its occurrence can be attributed to various factors like intake of tobacco, alcohol, exposure to radiation and certain viruses etc.
Treatment of Cancer in India
Cancer can be treated by number of methods and therapies. Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, Immunotherapy, monoclonal antibody therapy and new treatments like Cyber Knife Radio surgery are some of the methods used in the treatments of cancer.
With state of the art facilities and low cost, cancer treatment in India attracts large number of medical tourists from across the world. Almost all big hospitals in India provide cancer treatment. Besides, the high success rate of cancer treatment in India is a major factor in bringing medical tourists.
Blood cancer or Leukaemia is the cancer of the blood or bone marrow and is characterized by an abnormal reproduction of blood cells (usually white blood cells). However, Leukaemia is a broader term which incorporates a spectrum of diseases. This is a malignant form of blood- formulating organs.
Symptoms of Blood Cancer
In the case of blood cancer the bone marrow is damaged, which results into lack of blood platelets. These blood platelets are important for the process of blood clotting therefore in the patients suffering from blood cancer becoming bruised; bleeding excessively or developing pinprick bleeds are common features.
Other main symptoms of the disease include :
* These symptoms include fever, chills, night sweats.
* Swollen or bleeding gums
* Enlarged liver
* Infections frequently
* Pain in the bones
* Swollen tonsils
* Extreme weight loss
Treatment of Blood Cancer in India :
Blood cancer is rather a cluster of cancers developed in the blood cells and therefore the patients with leukaemia requires special treatment. The special cancer centres can only meet those special needs. The treatment of blood cancer is a complete program which the patients have to follow in order to achieve best results.
These Include :
1. Chemotherapy : is the first method to destroy those leukaemic cells by the usage of anti cancer drugs.
2. Interferon therapy : is effective to slow down the rate of reproduction of the leukaemic cells and helps the immune system to build sufficient anti- leukaemia activity.
3. Radiation therapy : this therapy is effective to kill cancer cells with the process of exposure to high- energy radiations.
4. Stem Cell Transplantation : This procedure is required in order to enable treatment with high doses of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
5. Surgery : The surgery is performed for the removal of an enlarged spleen or to install a venous access device to give medications and withdraw blood samples.
Being diagnosed for any type of cancer is a life altering situation and of course it requires careful thinking and planning. While going to India is definitely cost-effective, it can also be quite daunting to think of going to a totally different country for treatment. But if you are well informed and know what exactly to expect once you are there, then it can be quite a pleasant trip.
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